American Hornbeam

American Hornbeam

 Characteristics

Height: 20-35’ Spread: 20-35’ Habit/Form: Rounded Zones: 3-9 Growth Rate: Slow 

Cultural Requirements

An easy to grow tree, American Hornbeam prefers organically rich, moist soils. The tree grows best in partial to full shade situations, but will also perform well in sunny lawn settings.  American Hornbeam is a low maintenance, slow growing ornamental tree when planted in the right location. 

Ornamental Features

A beautiful small to medium sized ornamental tree, the American Hornbeam has a variety of desirable features. Another common name for this tree is Musclewood, because the most prominent feature is its bark.  The bark is smooth gray and sinewy in appearance resulting in it looking like flexed muscles. It can be found as a single stem or multi-stem tree. When it is a single stem, the tree will exhibit a uniform upright habit, making it a perfect lawn or street tree. However, if you would like to showcase its beautiful ornamental qualities, a multi-stem is the best option. Allowing the tree to grow in an open, irregular form further accentuates its unique bark. This tree flowers in spring having both male and female catkins. The papery hanging fruit that follows is an added interest throughout the summer and fall. The simple serrated leaves turn a brilliant yellow to orange-red in the fall, depending on sun exposure. 

Landscape Uses

A great small/medium sized tree that can be utilized in many planting situations; as a shade tree, lawn tree, in a naturalized area, or woodland setting. It is important to keep moisture in mind, however, when choosing a location for your Muscelwood as noted in the cultural requirements. 

Other Entries: Plant of the Month

Northwind Switch Grass

Northwind Switch grass offers stunning architectural foliage that can make bold statement in the landscape.

Read More »

Butterfly Weed

This low maintenance perennial is a favorite of our designer, Danielle Buesch, because of its unique flower color and its importance to the natural environment as a native.

Read More »

Prairie Smoke

This is the perfect plant for a low maintenance garden or beginner gardener wanting to experiment with natives.

Read More »

© 2017 LawnCare by Walter, Inc.   Privacy Policy